datadudes / wsdl2avro   0.2.1


WSDL2Avro is a Scala library that lets you convert datatypes from a SOAP WSDL to Avro Schemas.

Scala versions: 2.11 2.10

WSDL2Avro Build Status

WSDL2Avro is a Scala library that lets you convert datatypes from a SOAP WSDL to Avro Schemas. It takes the XML types as defined in the <types> section of a WSDL document and converts them into Avro Schema objects that can then be used programmatically or saved to disk. This library is particulary useful when you want to consume a SOAP service, and store the data somewhere (e.g. in a Hadoop cluster) serialized in Avro format.

This library has been extensively used in production.


  • Provide a path to a WSDL document, or a File object, and get a Map with type names and Avro Schema objects in return.
  • Converts XML primitives to Avro primitives
  • Takes care of inheritance (which Avro doesn't support) by keeping track of base types and combining the fields of base types with those of inherited types.


WSDL2Avro is published on Maven Central, so it's easy to include it in your project:


libraryDependencies += "co.datadudes" %% "wsdl2avro" % "0.2.1"



Currently, wsdl2avro is being cross-built for Scala 2.10.4 and 2.11.4, so use the appropriate suffex in Maven.

If you want to be on the bleeding edge, just clone this repo and publish the library to your local ivy/maven repository using sbt publish-local or sbt publish-m2, and then include it in your sbt dependencies like this:

libraryDependencies += "co.datadudes" %% "wsdl2avro" % "0.3-SNAPSHOT"

or in your maven dependencies like this:


You can run tests with sbt test.


Using this library is really easy:

scala> import co.datadudes.wsdl2avro.WSDL2Avro._
import co.datadudes.wsdl2avro.WSDL2Avro._

scala> val schemas = convert("/path/to/some.wsdl")
schemas: Map[String,org.apache.avro.Schema] = Map(ListViewRecord -> {"type":"record","name":"ListViewRecord","fields":[{"name":"columns","type":"string"}]}, Scontrol -> {"type":"record","name":"Scontrol","fields":[{"name":"fieldsToNull","type":"string"},{"name":"Id","type":"string"},{"name":"Binary","type":"string"},{"name":"BodyLength","type":"int"},{"name":"ContentSource","type":"string"},{"name":"CreatedBy","type":"string"},{"name":"CreatedById","type":"string"},{"name":"CreatedDate","type":"string"},{"name":"Description","type":"string"},{"name":"DeveloperName","type":"string"},{"name":"EncodingKey","type":"string"},{"name":"Filename","type":"string"},{"name":"HtmlWrapper","type":"string"},{"name":"LastModifiedBy","type":"string"},{"name":"LastModifiedById","type":"string"},{"name...

You can also pretty-print the Avro Schema, which is useful for writing it to a file:


You can call some of the steps in the conversion process manually:

Get the type definitions from the WSDL (returns a sequence of Node objects)

WSDL2Avro.getDataTypeDefinitions(wsdl: Elem)

Convert a single type definition (from your WSDL) to an Avro Schema (returns an Avro Schema object)

WSDL2Avro.xmlType2Schema(node: Node, parentNode: Option[Node] = None)

If the Node is a complexType that inherits from another complexType, you can provide the parent as well. Because Avro doesn't support inheritance, it will combine the fields of parent and child into one Record Schema.

Convert one <element> from a complexType to an Avro field (returns an Avro Field object)

WSDL2Avro.element2field(node: Node)

Convert a list of type definitions to a list of Avro Schemas (returns a Seq of Avro Schema objects)

This will automatically recognize inheritance and provide the proper parent complexType when converting the child.

WSDL2Avro.createSchemasFromXMLTypes(typeList: Seq[Node])


This library was created as part of an effort to build a tool that allows ingesting data from Salesforce using their SOAP API, and putting it into Hadoop/HDFS in Avro serialized format. In order to convert the XML from the Salesforce API to Avro, we need to have proper Avro Schemas for all types of objects we want to store. This is how wsdl2avro was born.

The Salesforce->Hadoop tool can be found here

Type conversion

wsdl2avro does its best to convert primitives as defined in the XSD spec, to corresponding Avro types, but in some cases, where no direct mapping exists, a suitable alternative was chosen. Complex types with fields that reference another complex type, have string as type in the corresponding Avro Schema. This is mainly because for our specific use case, we want to store data we consume from a SOAP API in a flat (non-nested) manner, and refer to related objects by id. If there's enough demand, we will also add support for referencing other record types in the resulting Avro.


You're more than welcome to create issues for any bugs you find and ideas you have. Contributions in the form of pull requests are also very much appreciated!


wsdl2avro was created with passion by: