losizm / grapple   15.0.0

Apache License 2.0 Website GitHub

The JSON library for Scala.

Scala versions: 3.x

Grapple

Maven Central

The JSON library for Scala.

Getting Started

To get started, add Grapple to your project:

libraryDependencies += "com.github.losizm" %% "grapple" % "15.0.0"

Let's Grapple!

Grapple is for reading and writing JSON content. It provides utilities for mapping instances of your classes to JSON values.

Usual Suspects

To model standard JSON values, the library includes the usual suspects: JsonObject, JsonArray, JsonString, JsonNumber, JsonBoolean, and JsonNull. However, when using implicit conversions, you're not required to deal with these classes directly.

Reading and Writing

Reading and writing are powered by JsonInput and JsonOutput. They convert values to and from JSON, and library-provided implementations are provided for working with standard types like String, Int, etc. You must provide custom implementations for converting to and from instances of your classes.

import scala.language.implicitConversions

import grapple.json.{ *, given }

case class User(id: Int, name: String)

// Define how to convert JsonValue to User
given JsonInput[User] with
  def read(json: JsonValue) = User(json("id"), json("name"))

val json = Json.parse("""{ "id": 1000, "name": "lupita" }""")

// Read JsonValue as User
val user = json.as[User]
assert { user.id == 1000 }
assert { user.name == "lupita" }

// Define how to convert User to JsonValue
given JsonOutput[User] with
  def write(u: User) = Json.obj("id" -> u.id, "name" -> u.name)

// Write User to JsonValue
val dupe = Json.toJson(user)
assert { dupe("id").as[Int] == 1000 }
assert { dupe("name").as[String] == "lupita" }

Special implementations are available for working with collections. For example, if you define JsonInput[User], you automatically get JsonInput[Seq[User]]. The same applies to JsonOutput[User], where JsonOutput[Seq[User]] can be inferred.

val json = Json.parse("""[
  { "id": 0,    "name": "root"   },
  { "id": 1000, "name": "lupita" }
]""")

// Read JsonArray as Seq[User]
val users = json.as[Seq[User]]
assert { users(0) == User(0, "root") }
assert { users(1) == User(1000, "lupita")  }

// Or as other Iterables
val userList = json.as[List[User]]
val userIter = json.as[Iterator[User]]
val userSet  = json.as[Set[User]]

// Even as an Array
val userArray = json.as[Array[User]]

// Write Seq[User] to JsonArray
val jsonUsers = Json.toJson(users)
assert { jsonUsers(0) == Json.obj("id" -> 0, "name" -> "root") }
assert { jsonUsers(1) == Json.obj("id" -> 1000, "name" -> "lupita") }

Extracting Values

You can traverse JsonObject and JsonArray to extract nested values. The \ extension method makes this clean and easy.

import scala.language.implicitConversions

import grapple.json.{ *, given }

case class User(id: Int, name: String)

// Define how to convert JsonValue to User
given JsonInput[User] =
  json => User(json("id"), json("name"))

val json = Json.parse("""{
  "node": {
    "name": "localhost",
    "users": [
      { "id": 0,    "name": "root"   },
      { "id": 1000, "name": "lupita" }
    ]
  }
}""")

// Get users array from node object
val users = (json \ "node" \ "users").as[Seq[User]]

// Get first user (at index 0) in users array
val user = (json \ "node" \ "users" \ 0).as[User]

// Get name of second user (at index 1) in users array
val name = (json \ "node" \ "users" \ 1 \ "name").as[String]

And, just as easy, you can do a recursive lookup with \\ to collect field values by name.

// Get all "name" values
val names = (json \\ "name").map(_.as[String])
assert { names == Seq("localhost", "root", "lupita") }

Generating and Parsing

JsonGenerator and JsonParser are used for generating and parsing potentially large JSON structures.

The generator incrementally writes JSON values to a stream instead of managing the entire structure in memory.

import java.io.StringWriter

import scala.language.implicitConversions

import grapple.json.{ *, given }

val buf = StringWriter()
val out = JsonGenerator(buf)

try
  out.writeStartObject()          // start root object
  out.write("id", 1000)
  out.write("name", "lupita")
  out.writeStartArray("groups")   // start nested array
  out.write("lupita")
  out.write("admin")
  out.write("sudoer")
  out.writeEnd()                  // end nested array
  out.writeStartObject("info")    // start nested object
  out.write("home", "/home/lupita")
  out.write("storage", "8 GiB")
  out.writeEnd()                  // end nested object
  out.writeEnd()                  // end root object
  out.flush()

  val json = Json.parse(buf.toString)
  assert { json("id") == JsonNumber(1000) }
  assert { json("name") == JsonString("lupita") }
  assert { json("groups") == Json.arr("lupita", "admin", "sudoer") }
  assert { json("info") == Json.obj("home" -> "/home/lupita", "storage" -> "8 GiB") }
finally
  out.close()

The parser iterates events as it chews through data from an underlying stream.

import JsonParser.Event

val parser = JsonParser("""{ "id": 1000, "name": "lupita", "groups": ["lupita", "admin"] }""")

try
  // Get first event (start root object)
  assert { parser.next() == Event.StartObject }

  // Get key and value
  assert { parser.next() == Event.Key("id") }
  assert { parser.next() == Event.Value(1000) }

  // Get key and value
  assert { parser.next() == Event.Key("name") }
  assert { parser.next() == Event.Value("lupita") }

  // Get key and value
  assert { parser.next() == Event.Key("groups") }
  assert { parser.next() == Event.StartArray } // start nested array
  assert { parser.next() == Event.Value("lupita") }
  assert { parser.next() == Event.Value("admin") }
  assert { parser.next() == Event.EndArray }   // end nested array

  // Get final event (end root object)
  assert { parser.next() == Event.EndObject }

  // No more events
  assert { !parser.hasNext }
finally
  parser.close()

See also JsonReader and JsonWriter.

JSON-RPC 2.0 Specification

The library provides an API for JSON-RPC 2.0 Specification, which is a protocol for JSON-based remote procedure calls.

JsonRpcRequest and JsonRpcResponse model the RPC message types, and you can incrementally build them with message builders.

import java.io.StringWriter

import scala.language.implicitConversions

import grapple.json.{ *, given }
import grapple.json.rpc.{ *, given }

case class Params(values: Int*):
  def sum = values.sum

// Define params converters
given JsonInput[Params]  = json   => Params(json.as[Seq[Int]]*)
given JsonOutput[Params] = params => Json.toJson(params.values)

// Create request with builder
val request = JsonRpcRequestBuilder()
  .version("2.0")
  .id("590d24ae-500a-486c-8d73-8035e78529bd")
  .method("sum")
  .params(Params(1, 2, 3))
  .toJsonRpcRequest()

// Create response with builder
val response = JsonRpcResponseBuilder()
  .version(request.version)
  .id(request.id)
  .resultOrError {
    request.method match
      case "sum" => request.params.get.as[Params].sum
      case name  => MethodNotFound(name)
  }.toJsonRpcResponse()

And you can parse them using the library-provided magic.

val request = Json.parse("""{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id":      "590d24ae-500a-486c-8d73-8035e78529bd",
  "method":  "sum",
  "params":  [1, 2, 3]
}""").as[JsonRpcRequest]

assert { request.version == "2.0" }
assert { request.id.string == "590d24ae-500a-486c-8d73-8035e78529bd" }
assert { request.method == "sum" }
assert { request.params.exists(_.as[Params] == Params(1, 2, 3)) }

val response = Json.parse("""{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id":      "590d24ae-500a-486c-8d73-8035e78529bd",
  "result":  6
}""").as[JsonRpcResponse]

assert { response.version == "2.0" }
assert { response.id.string == "590d24ae-500a-486c-8d73-8035e78529bd" }
assert { response.result.as[Int] == 6 }

API Documentation

See scaladoc for additional details.

License

Grapple is licensed under the Apache License, Version 2. See LICENSE for more information.