hseeberger / akka-sse   3.0.0

Apache License 2.0 GitHub

Akka HTTP now includes Akka SSE, this project is at EOL

Scala versions: 2.12 2.11 2.10

Akka SSE

Important: As of version 10.0.8, Akka HTTP now includes Akka SSE. Hence this project has come to an end.

Join the chat at https://gitter.im/hseeberger/akka-sse Build Status Maven Central

Akka SSE adds support for Server-Sent Events (SSE) – a lightweight and standardized technology for pushing notifications from a HTTP server to a HTTP client – to Akka HTTP. In contrast to WebSocket, which enables two-way communication, SSE only allows for one-way communication from the server to the client. If that's all you need, SSE offers advantages, because it's much simpler and relies on HTTP only.

Since version 2 Akka SSE supports both Scala and Java, even if the below examples only show Scala.

Getting Akka SSE

Akka SSE is published to Bintray and Maven Central.

// All releases including intermediate ones are published here,
// final ones are also published to Maven Central.
resolvers += Resolver.bintrayRepo("hseeberger", "maven")

libraryDependencies ++= Seq(
  "de.heikoseeberger" %% "akka-sse" % "3.0.0",

Usage – basics

Akka SSE models an event stream as Source[ServerSentEvent, Any] with Source from Akka Streams and ServerSentEvent from Akka SSE. ServerSentEvent is a case class with the following fields:

  • data: String – the actual payload, may span multiple lines
  • type: Option[String] with default None – optional qualifier, e.g. "added", "removed", etc.
  • id: Option[String] with default None – optional identifier
  • retry: Option[Int] with default None – optional reconnection delay in milliseconds

More informatioon about the above fields can be found in the SSE specification.

Usage – server-side

In order to respond to a HTTP request with an event stream, you have to bring the implicit ToResponseMarshaller[Source[ServerSentEvent, Any]] defined by EventStreamMarshalling into the scope defining the respective route:

object TimeServer {


  private def route = {
    import Directives._
    import EventStreamMarshalling._ // That does the trick!

    def assets = ...

    def events =
      path("events") {
        get {
          complete {
              .tick(2.seconds, 2.seconds, NotUsed)
              .map(_ => LocalTime.now())
              .keepAlive(1.second, () => ServerSentEvent.heartbeat)

    assets ~ events

  private def timeToServerSentEvent(time: LocalTime) =

To send periodic heartbeats, simply use the keepAlive standard stage with a ServerSentEvent.heartbeat which has am empty data field and hence is ignored by clients according to the specification.

Usage – client-side

In order to unmarshal server-sent events as Source[ServerSentEvent, NotUsed], you have to bring the implicit FromEntityUnmarshaller[Source[ServerSentEvent, NotUsed]] defined by EventStreamUnmarshalling into scope:

import EventStreamUnmarshalling._ // That does the trick!
import system.dispatcher

  .flatMap(Unmarshal(_).to[Source[ServerSentEvent, NotUsed]])


Contribution policy

Contributions via GitHub pull requests are gladly accepted from their original author. Along with any pull requests, please state that the contribution is your original work and that you license the work to the project under the project's open source license. Whether or not you state this explicitly, by submitting any copyrighted material via pull request, email, or other means you agree to license the material under the project's open source license and warrant that you have the legal authority to do so.


This code is open source software licensed under the Apache 2.0 License.